Fast Facts: One of Canada’s original four provinces, New Brunswick is located in the eastern region of Canada bordering the U.S. state of Maine. Both English and French are recognized as official languages, making New Brunswick the only formally “bilingual” province.
New Brunswick Careers: In 2006 the Canada Census of Population estimated New Brunswick’s population at almost 720,000. The province’s urban centers of Fredericton, St. John and Moncton provide significant service-related career opportunities.
New Brunswick Economy: Traditionally a maritime province, New Brunswick’s economy still relies in large part upon its fishing and natural resources. New Brunswick is the leading exporter of fish and seafood, and valuable natural gas reserves are harnessed in the Sussex region.
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Location, Location, Location: The province is located in the eastern portion of Canada, bordering the U.S. state of Maine on its West.
Cities: The capital city is Fredericton while the two largest cities are St. John and Moncton, respectively.
Behind the Name: The provincial name of “New Brunswick” is derived from the English and French translation for the city of Braunschweig in northern Germany, the native home of Great Britain’s King George III.
A Closer Look: New Brunswick was one of Canada’s original four provinces, entering the confederation on July 1, 1867.
Did You Know? New Brunswick is actually the only ‘bilingual’ Canadian province; both English and French have been adopted as the province’s official languages.
Population: 719,650, as estimated by Canada Census of Population, 2006.
Business Environment: Canada was ranked 2nd of 181 countries in a 2009 “Best Country to Start a Business” by DoingBusiness.org.
Top Industries: In terms of paid employees, according to a Statistics Canada 2009 study: (1) trade; (2) health care and social assistance; (3) manufacturing; (4) educational services; and (5) construction.
Taxes: The Canada Revenue Agency reports: a Progressive Income Tax Rate; and a 13% Sales Tax.
Cost of Living: The Consumer Price Index had increased to 114.5 in June of 2009 (from 100.0 in the Year 2002), according to Statistics Canada, 2009.
Weather: Average Temperature (in °F.) – Jan: 20; Apr: 43; July: 69; Oct: 48, according to Weather.com.
K-12: Canada ranked 2nd of 17 peer countries in a 2008 Conference Board of Canada Ranking.
College Education: The province is home to the University of New Brunswick public education system, along with myriad private universities and technical and career colleges.
In General: One of only three Canadian maritime provinces, New Brunswick hosts an economy linked in great part to its natural resources. The province’s urban centers remain service-oriented and are considered modern in comparison to their rural surroundings.
Service Industry: The service industry is the leading job producer in New Brunswick, dominated by health care services, the education industry and the insurance, finance and real estate sector.
Agriculture: New Brunswick’s heavily forested central regions are the center of the province’s valuable forestry industry. Mixed and dairy farms are also important to the province’s agriculture, found primarily in the northwest Saint John River valley region.
Manufacturing: As expected, the food processing and wood harvesting enterprises are New Brunswick’s leading manufacturing sectors.
Mining: New Brunswick includes a variety of mineral resources, including valuable fuels such as oil and natural gas along with precious metals including silver and gold. Significant natural gas reserves have been discovered in the Sussex area, which are utilized both domestically and internationally.
Fishing: As a maritime province, New Brunswick maintains a valuable fish catch that includes lobster, scallops and king crab. The province is a leading Canadian exporter of fish and seafood.
Did You Know? New Brunswick is considered to be one of the most internet-connected regions of the world, with over 90% of homes and businesses utilizing some sort of internet connection.
Sources: In addition to specific citations noted in this “Career Information” section, supplementary source materials include: Canada Statoids; Infoplease.com; and Wikipedia.com.